It has conducted several varieties of censuses as part of national and state planning process. The decision making agencies in the government utilize the services provided by this department. The Directorate units are grouped into the following functional areas of the related activities
The quinquennial livestock census provides information on various categories of livestock, poultry, agricultural implements and machinery as well fishing craft and tackle. This data aids the planning for the development of the animal husbandry sector and for the betterment of the lives of the poor who constitute a large proportion of workers in this sector. The importance of this census may be gauged by the fact that this is the first census, other than the population census, to be taken up and that it is being conducted all over India since 1921. The Census covers all animals living classifying them by the level of their utility. For instance cattle are classified among working, breeding, and milk yielding and their counter bodies in each category. They are also classified by age. This data helps studies of changing composition of livestock holdings. Poultry is classified by variety and breed in each category. Information on fisherman households and fishing craft and tackle provide a wealth of information on the sector helping evolve plans for the up liftment of this particularly poor section of population.
Census of minor irrigation sources is conducted once in 5 years. This work consists of organizing the census, collecting data in prescribed forms, compiling it using computers and publishing the data on minor irrigation. Monitoring the progress of minor irrigation in the state by obtaining quarterly reports from concerned departments is another part of this work. Special studies are conducted to estimate area irrigated by various minor irrigation sources, potential created and utilized etc.
The Economic Census is a comprehensive listing of all enterprises other than those engaged in crop production. It covers own account enterprises (those that do not employ any hired labour) and establishments (those that employ hired labour). While it covers all enterprises including the large ones in the administration and organized sectors, it is the only comprehensive source of unorganized and small enterprises and self employed persons in all sectors it provides information on ownership and employment, seasonality, using or not using premises, use of power, etc. It serves as a sampling frame for follow up surveys on unorganized manufacturing, trade, transport etc. to provide per worker earnings which are used in the Gross Domestic Product Estimates and elsewhere. Four Economic Censuses have been conducted so far starting with 1976-77. The second and the third EC were conducted along with the house listing operations of the decennial population census. The Fourth EC has been conducted in 1997 independent of the house listing operations.
The Census of Public Employment covering state government, local bodies, state public sector undertakings and universities is conducted once in five years. Information is updated through quarterly returns for the mid-censal period. This information flow is found useful for evolving manpower plans for the State and to estimate costs of decisions regarding compensation to employees, age of retirement etc.
This work consists of participating on a matching sample basis in socio-economic surveys on selected topics conducted by Nation Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) of Government of India. The sampling design and schedules of the NSSO are used. The Surveys provide estimates of data on selected socio-economic and other features of household conditions like health morbidity and mortality, education, employment and unemployment, patterns of consumption and consumption expenditure, and many aspects with accuracy suitable for use at state level.
The surveys are conducted in rounds of one year duration and sub-rounds of three months. Topics to be covered are fixed in ten year cycle with consumption expenditure information being covered every year in a thin sample in addition to the once in five year large sample. Necessary training on concepts and definitions and how to fill the schedule is imparted to field staff at the beginning of each round of survey. The data is collected in prescribed schedules by field staff visiting selected sample units. There is a rigorous schedule of supervision/inspection and scrutiny. The results of the surveys are published in reports for each round/sub-round. The data obtained are found useful for economic planning and policy decisions of the Government.